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CaiJingLong / flutter_web_first_use

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Welcome to the code repository for Flutter for web.

This repository contains the source code for a fork of Flutter that targets the web. Our goal is to add web support as a first-tier platform in the Flutter SDK alongside iOS and Android. The code in this repository is a stepping stone to that goal, providing web-only packages that implement (almost) the entire Flutter API.

Web support for Flutter is not yet stable. We're designating this release as a technical preview, designed to validate that the product meets developers' needs, iterate on major features and get to feature complete. Design and implementation may change significantly, and changes may be introduced that break compatibility with existing code. As a result, the Flutter team do not recommend using code created with Flutter for web in production at this time.

You can find a short introduction to Flutter for web on our blog.

Important notes


We intend to completely support all of Flutter's API and functionality across modern browsers. However, during this preview, there are a number of exceptions:

  • flutter_web does not have a plugin system yet. Temporarily, we provide access to dart:html, dart:js, dart:svg, dart:indexed_db and other web libraries that give you access to the vast majority of browser APIs. However, expect that these libraries will be replaced by a different plugin API.
  • Not all Flutter APIs are implemented on Flutter for web yet.
  • Performance work is only just beginning. The code generated by Flutter for web may run slowly, or demonstrate significant UI "jank".
  • At this time, desktop UI interactions are not fully complete, so a UI built with flutter_web may feel like a mobile app, even when running on a desktop browser.
  • The development workflow is only designed to work with Chrome at the moment.

Browser support

Flutter for web provides:

When built with the production compiler, Flutter supports Chromium-based browsers and Safari, both on desktop and mobile. We also aim to fully support Firefox and Edge as targeted platforms, but our own test coverage is still low on these browsers. Our intention is to support the current and the last two major releases. Feedback on rendering and performance issues on all of these browsers is appreciated.

Internet Explorer support is not planned.

The development compiler currently supports Chrome only.

Testing Flutter for web

While we are far from code complete, we're ready for you to start developing and experimenting with Flutter for web. We are building the product around a number of target scenarios, as described in our blog, and we'd appreciate your feedback on feature gaps or suitability for these scenarios, as well as other scenarios for which you find Flutter useful on the web.

In addition, we'd love to see repros that demonstrate crashes, rendering fidelity issues or extreme performance issues. We'd also love general feedback on the quality of the release and the developer experience.

Of particular interest to us is testing across a variety of operating systems used for development (Windows, Linux, Mac) and browsers used for deployment.

Since we are developing this in a separate fork to the main Flutter repo, we are not yet ready to accept GitHub pull requests at this time. However, GitHub issues are very welcome.

Getting started

Flutter 1.5 and above enable support for targeting the web with Flutter, including Dart compilation to JavaScript. To use the Flutter SDK with the flutter_web preview make sure you have upgraded Flutter to at least v1.5.4 by running flutter upgrade from your machine. If you're actively developing for Flutter for web, you may prefer to be running from one of the unstable channels. Our wiki describes the Flutter channels and how to select the right one for your needs.

Clone the flutter_web source code

Clone this repository locally.

Install the flutter_web build tools

To install the webdev package, which provides the build tools for Flutter for web, run the following:

$ flutter packages pub global activate webdev

Ensure that the $HOME/.pub-cache/bin directory is in your path, and then you may use the webdev command directly from your terminal.

Run the hello_world example

  1. The example exists at examples/hello_world in the repository.

    $ cd examples/hello_world/
  2. Update packages.

    $ flutter packages upgrade
    ! flutter_web 0.0.0 from path ../../flutter_web
    ! flutter_web_ui 0.0.0 from path ../../flutter_web_ui
    Running "flutter packages upgrade" in hello_world...                5.0s

    If that succeeds, you're ready to run it!

  3. Build and serve the example locally.

    $ webdev serve
    [INFO] Generating build script completed, took 331ms
    [INFO] Building new asset graph completed, took 1.4s
    [INFO] Running build completed, took 27.9s
    [INFO] Succeeded after 28.1s with 618 outputs (3233 actions)
    Serving `web` on http://localhost:8080

    Open http://localhost:8080 in Chrome and you should see Hello World in red text in the upper-left corner.

Tools support for Flutter web development

Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code supports Flutter web development with the v3.0 release of the Flutter extension.

  • install the Flutter SDK
  • set up VS Code
  • configure VS Code to point to your local Flutter SDK
  • run the Flutter: New Web Project command from VS Code
  • after the project is created, run your app by pressing F5 or "Debug -> Start Debugging"
  • VS Code will use the webdev command-line tool to build and run your app; a new Chrome window should open, showing your running app

Using from IntelliJ

  • install the Flutter SDK
  • set up your copy of IntelliJ or Android Studio
  • configure IntelliJ or Android Studio to point to your local Flutter SDK
  • create a new Dart project; note, for a Flutter for web app, you want to start from the Dart project wizard, not the Flutter project wizard
  • from the Dart project wizard, select the 'Flutter for web' option for the application template
  • create the project; pub get will be run automatically
  • once the project is created, hit the run button on the main toolbar
  • IntelliJ will use the webdev command-line tool to build and run your app; a new Chrome window should open, showing your running app


Use flutter_web packages from git

If you'd like to depend on the flutter_web packages without cloning the repository, you can setup your pubspec as follows:

name: my_flutter_web_app

  sdk: '>=2.2.0 <3.0.0'

  flutter_web: any
  flutter_web_ui: any

  # Enables the `pub run build_runner` command
  build_runner: ^1.1.2
  # Includes the JavaScript compilers
  build_web_compilers: ^1.0.0

# flutter_web packages are not published to pub.dartlang.org
# These overrides tell the package tools to get them from GitHub
      url: https://github.com/flutter/flutter_web
      path: packages/flutter_web
      url: https://github.com/flutter/flutter_web
      path: packages/flutter_web_ui

Getting (stateless) hot-reload with webdev

To use webdev with hot-reload, run the following within your project directory:

$ webdev serve --auto restart

You'll notice a similar output to flutter packages pub run build_runner serve but now changes to your application code should cause a quick refresh of the application on save.

Note: the --hot-reload option is not perfect. If you notice unexpected behavior, you may want to manually refresh the page.

Note: the --hot-reload option is currently "stateless". Application state will be lost on reload. We do hope to offer "stateful" hot-reload on the web – we're actively working on it!

Building with the production JavaScript compiler

The workflow documented above (available with build_runner and webdev) uses the Dart Dev Compiler which is designed for fast, incremental compilation and easy debugging.

If you'd like evaluate production performance, browser compatibility and code size, you can enable our release compiler, dart2js.

To enable the release compiler, pass in the --release flag (or just -r).

$ webdev serve -r

Note: Builds may be slower in this configuration.

If you'd like to generate output to disk, we recommend you use webdev.

$ webdev build

This will create a build directory with index.html, main.dart.js and the rest of the files needed to run the application using a static HTTP server.

To optimize the output JavaScript, you can enable optimization flags using a build.yaml file in the root of your project with the following contents:

# See https://github.com/dart-lang/build/tree/master/build_web_compilers#configuration
        - web/**.dart
            - --no-source-maps
            - -O4

Note: the -O4 option enables a number of advanced optimizations that may cause runtime errors in code that has not been thoroughly tested.


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