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# How do I submit patches to Android Common Kernels

1. BEST: Make all of your changes to upstream Linux. If appropriate, backport to the stable releases. These patches will be merged automatically in the corresponding common kernels. If the patch is already in upstream Linux, post a backport of the patch that conforms to the patch requirements below.

2. LESS GOOD: Develop your patches out-of-tree (from an upstream Linux point-of-view). Unless these are fixing an Android-specific bug, these are very unlikely to be accepted unless they have been coordinated with kernel-team@android.com. If you want to proceed, post a patch that conforms to the patch requirements below.

# Common Kernel patch requirements

• All patches must conform to the Linux kernel coding standards and pass script/checkpatch.pl
• Patches shall not break gki_defconfig or allmodconfig builds for arm, arm64, x86, x86_64 architectures (see https://source.android.com/setup/build/building-kernels)
• If the patch is not merged from an upstream branch, the subject must be tagged with the type of patch: UPSTREAM:, BACKPORT:, FROMGIT:, FROMLIST:, or ANDROID:.
• All patches must have a Change-Id: tag (see https://gerrit-review.googlesource.com/Documentation/user-changeid.html)
• If an Android bug has been assigned, there must be a Bug: tag.
• All patches must have a Signed-off-by: tag by the author and the submitter

Additional requirements are listed below based on patch type

## Requirements for backports from mainline Linux: UPSTREAM:, BACKPORT:

• If the patch is a cherry-pick from Linux mainline with no changes at all
• tag the patch subject with UPSTREAM:.
• add upstream commit information with a (cherry-picked from ...) line
• Example:
• if the upstream commit message is
        important patch from upstream

This is the detailed description of the important patch

Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>
    - then Joe Smith would upload the patch for the common kernel as
        UPSTREAM: important patch from upstream

This is the detailed description of the important patch

Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

Bug: 135791357
Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
(cherry-picked from c31e73121f4c1ec41143423ac6ce3ce6dafdcec1)
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>
• If the patch requires any changes from the upstream version, tag the patch with BACKPORT: instead of UPSTREAM:.
• use the same tags as UPSTREAM:
• add comments about the changes under the (cherry-picked from ...) line
• Example:
        BACKPORT: important patch from upstream

This is the detailed description of the important patch

Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

Bug: 135791357
Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
(cherry-picked from c31e73121f4c1ec41143423ac6ce3ce6dafdcec1)
[ Resolved minor conflict in drivers/foo/bar.c ]
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>

## Requirements for other backports: FROMGIT:, FROMLIST:,

• If the patch has been merged into an upstream maintainer tree, but has not yet been merged into Linux mainline
• tag the patch subject with FROMGIT:
• add info on where the patch came from as (cherry picked from commit <sha1> <repo> <branch>). This must be a stable maintainer branch (not rebased, so don't use linux-next for example).
• if changes were required, use BACKPORT: FROMGIT:
• Example:
• if the commit message in the maintainer tree is
        important patch from upstream

This is the detailed description of the important patch

Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>
    - then Joe Smith would upload the patch for the common kernel as
        FROMGIT: important patch from upstream

This is the detailed description of the important patch

Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

Bug: 135791357
(cherry picked from commit 878a2fd9de10b03d11d2f622250285c7e63deace
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/foo/bar.git test-branch)
Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>
• If the patch has been submitted to LKML, but not accepted into any maintainer tree
• tag the patch subject with FROMLIST:
• add a Link: tag with a link to the submittal on lore.kernel.org
• if changes were required, use BACKPORT: FROMLIST:
• Example:
        FROMLIST: important patch from upstream

This is the detailed description of the important patch

Signed-off-by: Fred Jones <fred.jones@foo.org>

Bug: 135791357
Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>

## Requirements for Android-specific patches: ANDROID:

• If the patch is fixing a bug to Android-specific code
• tag the patch subject with ANDROID:
• add a Fixes: tag that cites the patch with the bug
• Example:
        ANDROID: fix android-specific bug in foobar.c

This is the detailed description of the important fix

Fixes: 1234abcd2468 ("foobar: add cool feature")
Change-Id: I4caaaa566ea080fa148c5e768bb1a0b6f7201c01
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <joe.smith@foo.org>
• If the patch is a new feature
• tag the patch subject with ANDROID:
• add a Bug: tag with the Android bug (required for android-specific features)

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