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黄亿华 / webmagicJavaApache-2.0GVP

webmagic 是一个无须配置、便于二次开发的爬虫框架,它提供简单灵活的API,只需少量代码即可实现一个爬虫。 http://webmagic.io/
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README.md 4.23 KB yihua.huang 提交于 2017-07-30 15:29 . vesion 0.7.3

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Readme in Chinese

Build Status

A scalable crawler framework. It covers the whole lifecycle of crawler: downloading, url management, content extraction and persistent. It can simplify the development of a specific crawler.

Features:

  • Simple core with high flexibility.
  • Simple API for html extracting.
  • Annotation with POJO to customize a crawler, no configuration.
  • Multi-thread and Distribution support.
  • Easy to be integrated.

Install:

Add dependencies to your pom.xml:

<dependency>
    <groupId>us.codecraft</groupId>
    <artifactId>webmagic-core</artifactId>
    <version>0.7.3</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>us.codecraft</groupId>
    <artifactId>webmagic-extension</artifactId>
    <version>0.7.3</version>
</dependency>

WebMagic use slf4j with slf4j-log4j12 implementation. If you customized your slf4j implementation, please exclude slf4j-log4j12.

<exclusions>
    <exclusion>
        <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
</exclusions>

Get Started:

First crawler:

Write a class implements PageProcessor. For example, I wrote a crawler of github repository infomation.

public class GithubRepoPageProcessor implements PageProcessor {

    private Site site = Site.me().setRetryTimes(3).setSleepTime(1000);

    @Override
    public void process(Page page) {
        page.addTargetRequests(page.getHtml().links().regex("(https://github\\.com/\\w+/\\w+)").all());
        page.putField("author", page.getUrl().regex("https://github\\.com/(\\w+)/.*").toString());
        page.putField("name", page.getHtml().xpath("//h1[@class='public']/strong/a/text()").toString());
        if (page.getResultItems().get("name")==null){
            //skip this page
            page.setSkip(true);
        }
        page.putField("readme", page.getHtml().xpath("//div[@id='readme']/tidyText()"));
    }

    @Override
    public Site getSite() {
        return site;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Spider.create(new GithubRepoPageProcessor()).addUrl("https://github.com/code4craft").thread(5).run();
    }
}
  • page.addTargetRequests(links)

    Add urls for crawling.

You can also use annotation way:

@TargetUrl("https://github.com/\\w+/\\w+")
@HelpUrl("https://github.com/\\w+")
public class GithubRepo {

    @ExtractBy(value = "//h1[@class='public']/strong/a/text()", notNull = true)
    private String name;

    @ExtractByUrl("https://github\\.com/(\\w+)/.*")
    private String author;

    @ExtractBy("//div[@id='readme']/tidyText()")
    private String readme;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        OOSpider.create(Site.me().setSleepTime(1000)
                , new ConsolePageModelPipeline(), GithubRepo.class)
                .addUrl("https://github.com/code4craft").thread(5).run();
    }
}

Docs and samples:

Documents: http://webmagic.io/docs/

The architecture of webmagic (refered to Scrapy)

image

There are more examples in webmagic-samples package.

Lisence:

Lisenced under Apache 2.0 lisence

Thanks:

To write webmagic, I refered to the projects below :

Mail-list:

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/webmagic-java

http://list.qq.com/cgi-bin/qf_invite?id=023a01f505246785f77c5a5a9aff4e57ab20fcdde871e988

QQ Group: 373225642 542327088

Related Project

  • Gather Platform

    A web console based on WebMagic for Spider configuration and management.